What causes diabetes in dogs
Diabetic issues In Dogs is a multi-cause metabolic condition characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Disorders of carb, fat as well as healthy protein metabolic rate in the body as a result of defective insulin secretion or feature defects. The incidence of canine diabetic issues is 0.2% to 1%. Human diabetes is split into kind I and also kind II. Type I is the damage of island function. Lack of ability to produce insulin, counting on supplements of exogenous insulin therapy, so it is likewise called dependent diabetes; most type II diabetes mellitus has insulin resistance, or both the secretion of insulin contaminant and insulin resistance, that is, the body is sensitive to its own insulin Decreased sex, to ensure that blood sugar level can not get in the body's cells to be ingested and also utilized, which impacts sugar metabolic process. In canine diabetic issues, practically 100% of dogs have kind I (insulin-dependent) diabetic issues.
what causes diabetes in dogs
Mainly due to abnormal insulin absorption or secretion. Insulin has a great effect on the liver, skeletal muscle and fat. Its main function is to strengthen the cellular uptake of glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, magnesium and potassium ions, etc. Therefore, when insulin is lacking, blood sugar cannot enter the body's cells to be taken up and utilized.
The main symptoms
Excessive thirst, excessive urination, excessive hunger, difficulty sleeping, easy dehydration, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, laziness, vomiting, depression, cataracts.
Types of diabetes in dogs
If it is suspected that the dog has diabetes, in addition to the clinical symptoms that appear, a laboratory blood sugar test can be done. Usually need to fast for 12 hours before taking tests and urine tests. Combining the check values can determine whether you have diabetes.
Diabetes is divided into type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, and the treatment methods are also different.
1. Type 1 Diabetes: There are defects in the beta cells on the pancreas, resulting in the inability to secrete insulin normally. As long as the administration of insulin alone has a good effect, most cases belong to this type.
2. Type 2 diabetes: The pancreas secretes sufficient insulin, but the tissue receptor that receives insulin is damaged, so the effect of insulin treatment is not good.